Houndstooth, An Explanation of a Classic MotifKristin Crane
A houndstooth refers to a design created in a woven cloth through a color and weave effect. Traditionally, the warp layout is designed with alternating bands of four dark threads followed by four white threads. Similarly, the weft is woven with four dark threads followed by four light threads. The weaving is done with a 2/2 twill weave structure. In this structure, the weft goes over two threads and then under two threads. (This is the same structure as a pair of jeans.) The resulting fabric created when this structure combines with this color layout is a two-tone broken check shape, named a houndstooth for its resemblance to jagged teeth.
When do designers use a houndstooth?
The houndstooth is a classic design in menswear, tweeds, and suiting fabrics. Christian Dior famously popularized it in his designs for the 1948 Haute Couture spring/summer collection. Since then, it has remained a classic, seemingly always in fashion. Despite the clear combination of color and structure that create the pattern, it is surprisingly versatile. By changing size, scale, materials, contrast, or color, designers can bring an element of surprise to an otherwise recognizable design. An oversized houndstooth in hot pink and bright yellow can be shocking. On the other hand, a small one in two tones of brown can appear as almost a solid. In the hands of print designers, the houndstooth can be expressed in still more ways. Beyond the limits of the loom, print designers add additional colors, tones, and textures. What once was a familiar classic, suddenly takes on exciting new possibilities.
Do you love a houndstooth? Where have you been seeing it lately, in ways more classic or more contemporary? Let us know in the comments, or tag us on Instagram to show us your favorite houndstooth in action!